First Author: S.Zaouali TUNISIA
Co Author(s): S. Mbarek S. Zina R. Attia R. Messaoud B. Jelliti M. Khairallah 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
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To analyze the characteristics of branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) in young patients (< 50 years).
Department of Ophthalmology, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia
Retrospective chart’s review of 40 patients (47 eyes). All patients underwent detailed ophthalmic examination, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography.
BRVO in young patients accounted for 29% of all BRVO cases. Underlying inflammatory or infectious disease was found in 12 patients (30%) (Behçet disease=9, sarcoidosis=1,tuberculosis=1, and toxoplasmosis=1). Systemic hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia were found in 13, 3, and 5patients, respectively. Final visual acuity was < 20/200 in 19% of eyes.
Inflammatory or infectious diseases and systemic hypertension are important risk factors for BRVO in young patients.