First Author: E.Gusson ITALY
Co Author(s): G. Martini G. Marchini 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
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To determine the incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW) hospitalized in a single neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)
Retrospective study conducted by the Pediatric Ophthalmologic Service of University of Verona, Italy
The charts of all 239 preterm infants hospitalized at our NICU between Jan 2011 and Dec 2013 were reviewed to look for ELBWs (< 1000 g). ROP was classified according to international classification.
Of 239 preterm infants, 98 were ELBW (41%) and were included in the study. Twenty nine infants (29.5%) developed and advanced ROP requiring laser treatment. In only three cases (10%) ROP progressed despite treatment to stage 4b and required surgical intervention. Thirty four infants (34.7%) developed just a mild ROP and the others 35 (35.8%) never developed any stage of the disease.
ROP is very frequent in ELBWs, developing in up to two third of infants, but retinal detachment can be avoided in the vast majority of cases with adequate screening and prompt laser treatment.