First Author: F.March SPAIN
Co Author(s): P. López lizárraga M. Pedrosa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
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To report a case of ocular toxoplasmosis which developed a macular hole and a retinal detachment, a rare event following a chorioretinitis episode. These complications are exceptional, this is the first case with these overlapping clinical features.
Instituto de Oftalmología Conde de Valenciana (Mexico City).
A 33 year old patient presented referring bilateral vision of both eyes of 2 weeks of evolution. Her visual acuity on the right and left eye was 20/200 and 3/200 respectively. Her positive signs on physical examination of both eyes there was an important scleral thinning 360 degrees with narrowing of the diameter of the cornea due to sclerocornea. The zonule had important instability in the upper quadrants with nucleus subluxation. On the left eye it was possible to see vitreous bands emerging into the anterior chamber and touching the corneal endothelium.
Laboratory studies revealed positive VDRL and antireponema antibodies. The patient was treated with benzatinic penicillin, 2.4 million of Units every week for three doses, and cycloplegics. Due to the fact that her visual acuity improved significantly to 20/60 on both eyes, it was decided to leave her under observation.
Ocular syphilis has various forms of presentation. It forms part of the great simulators. In atypical uveitic cases its possible role must always be taken into account. A prompt diagnosis and adequate treatment improves the patients’ prognosis.