Session Title: Quick Fire Free Paper 1
Session Date/Time: Thursday 11/09/2014 | 08:00-10:00
Paper Time: 09:35
Venue: Boulevard D
First Author: : F.Rodrigues PORTUGAL
Co Author(s): : R. Almeida F. Trindade R. Pereira S. Moniz
To evaluate the epidemiological characteristics of retinal detachment (RD) in a population with genetic homogeneity as the Autonomous Region of Madeira (RAM).
Ophthalmology department of Hospital Central do Funchal
A retrospective study which included all patients diagnosed with RD in the Department of Ophthalmology of the Hospital of Funchal between May 2011 and June 2012. Data were collected regarding the annual incidence age, sex, profession, affected eye, prior posterior vitreous detachment, prior cataract surgery, month of diagnosis, symptoms that resorted to the hospital, the time they took to go to hospital and macula off time.
Madeira island covers a population of 267 293 habitants. In the described period were diagnosed 42 RD. Of these 55.9 % were male and 44.1 % were female, with a mean age of 58.06 years. The annual incidence of DRR was 14.6 per 100,000 habitants. The diagnosis was made in 55.9 % LE and 44.1 % RE. Regarding the time it took to go to the hospital, 18.5 % took less than 1 day, 29.6 % took 1 to 10 days, 33.3 % took 10 to 30 days and 18.5 % took more than 30 days. 40.7 % of patients had macula on and from those who had macula off, 7.4% took less than 1 day to address themselves to the hospital , 22.2 % took 1 to 10days, 18.5 % took 10 - 30 days and 11.1% took more than 30 days. Approximately 44.2% of the patients reported more than one symptom: visual acuity was a complaint in 64.6 % of patients. Most patients (96 %) reported previous symptoms of posterior vitreous detachment. 64.7 % of patients were phakic and 32,4% were pseudophakic . In January there was a greater number of DRR (20.6%).
The annual incidence of DRR in Madeira was 14.6 per 100,000 habitants, with an average age of 58.06 years, with 55.9 % male and 55.9 % in OE. Approximately 33.3 % of patients took 10 to 30 days to go to hospital from the start of symptoms, 64.6 % referring decreased visual acuity. The month of January was the month with the highest number of RD. It follows therefore that the majority of epidemiological data obtained from this study were similar to published studies.