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OCT findings in high myopia

Session Details

Session Title: Imaging I

Session Date/Time: Friday 12/09/2014 | 11:00-13:00

Paper Time: 11:48

Venue: Boulevard D

First Author: : M.Abouhussein EGYPT

Co Author(s): :    A. Gomaa              

Abstract Details

Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to describe the incidence and features of macular abnormalities in high myopic eyes detected by OCT.

Setting:

faculty of medicine alexandria university egypt

Methods:

The study involved 100 eyes of 100 patients with high myopia complaining of recent diminution of vision, for whom the study was explained, informed consent was taken and the following was done: 1. History taking. 2. Refraction using Topcon autorefractometer. 3. Best corrected visual acuity measurement. 4. General ophthalmic examination, including non contact and/or contact lens fundus examination. 5. Fundus photography and fluorescein angiography using Topcon fundus camera. 6. OCT imaging of the macula using spectralis and or cirrhus OCT.

Results:

The mean age of the 55 patients was 38.9±12.9 years, and the mean SE was -14.5±5.8 D. ERM was present in 65 eyes. Vitreomacular traction (Anteroposterior traction) was detected in 10 eyes. Lamellar macular hole was present in 10 eyes. Full thickness macular hole was present in 4 eyes. Macular retinoschisis was present in 33 eyes. Posterior neurosensory detachment was present in 2 eyes. Dome shaped macula in 4 eyes. ILM detachment was present in 7 eyes. Myopic CNV was present in 15 eyes. Atrophy of retinal layers was detected in 10 eyes.

Conclusions:

we concluded that macular abnormalities are common features in highly myopic population examined by OCT.

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