First Author: J.Ma CHINA
Co Author(s): X. Fang
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To identify the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, and visual outcomes in posterior segment intraocular foreign body (IOFB) patients managed by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in the east of China.
A retrospective chart review was performed for 56 patients who underwent IOFBs removal surgery between November 2013 and November 2015.
A retrospective chart review was performed for 56 patients, who had PPV for IOFBs removal between November 2013 and November 2015. The mechanisms of injury, the nature of the IOFB, the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before and after the surgery, the penetrating site, and the complications of the surgery were all collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate the prognostic factors.
The mean age of the patients was 36.4 years. The nature of IOFBs was mainly metal, with injuries most commonly caused by hammering the metal. The mean preoperative visual acuity (VA) was 2.30 logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (LogMAR), and mean final was VA 0.92 LogMAR. From multivariate analysis, good visual outcome was correlated with the good visual acuity before surgery and poor visual outcome was correlated with the macular break and multiple surgery.
In the east of China, most cases of IOFBs were work-related. The PPV could improve the prognosis if the patients got the timely treatment.