First Author: N.Vukojevic CROATIA
Co Author(s): T. Jukic M. Stanfel K. Mandic
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To present clinical course, diagnosis and treatment of patients with retinal complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Department of Ophthalmology, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, University of Zagreb School of Medicine
Small retrospective series of cases. Four patients with ophthalmic complications to systemic lupus erythematosus with a different presentation and outcome of ophthalmic and systemic diseases
Two patients with already diagnosed SLE get the ophthalmic manifestations of the disease. In one patient, the ophthalmic disease was a part of the clinical course of the first manifestations of SLE. One patient's visual function lost as a result of treatment of SLE without ophthalmic complications. The results of an extensive systemic diagnostics confirmed the diagnosis of SLE, and ophthalmic diagnostic detected ophthalmic complications and damage to the structure and function of the retina and the consequent damage of the visual function.
Retinal manifestations to SLE have a high potential for destruction of the retina and the consequent irreversible damage to visual constructs. With the treatment of ophthalmic complications, it is necessary to adequately treat systemic SLE with timely detection of vision threatening side effects of some medications.