First Author: K.Wehrmann GERMANY
Co Author(s): S. Stumpfe M. Pettenkofer N. Feucht C. Lohmann M. Maier
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Optic pit is a congenital anomaly with malformation similar to coloboma of the optic disc. The cause of optic pit maculopathy is controversial. We used high resolution OCT to investigate changes in the vitreoretinal and vitreopapillary transition within optic pit eyes.
Department of Ophthalmology, Technical University of Munich
The vitreoretinal and vitreopapillary transition of 12 eyes was accurately analyzed using SD-OCT. We registered the following criteria: liquefaction of prepapillary vitreous, papillary vitreous traction, discontinuity within the hyaloid cortex and communication spaces between pit and retinal edema.
Communication gaps between pit and retinal edema were identified in 8 eyes. 4 eyes had a papillary vitreous traction. 4 showed a discontinuity in the hyaloid cortex. 2 of the 12 patients showed no maculopathy in SD-OCT. Those patients had an adjacent papillary vitreous without prepapillary liquefaction. However all eyes showed vitreous liquefaction at some stage premacullary or prepapillary.
Yet the cause of optic pit maculopathy is not clearly understood. High resolution OCT imaging provides a very detailed assessment of the vitreoretinal transition prepapillary and premacullary, however with limited penetration depth and analyzation of deeper lying structures. Our observations suggest that prepapillary liquefaction and pressure gradients within cerebrospinal and intraocular pressure could be key factors.