First Author: L.Arnould FRANCE
Co Author(s): C. Binquet C. Guenancia R. Kawasaki C. Tzourio A. Bron C. Creuzot Garcher
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To identify patterns summarizing the retinal vascular network in the elderly and to investigate the relationship of these vascular patterns with cardiovascular history.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in Dijon, France from January 2009 to December 2013.
We conducted a population-based study, the Montrachet study (Maculopathy Optic Nerve nuTRition neurovAsCular and HEarT diseases), in participants older than 75 years. History of cardiovascular disease and a score-based estimation of their 10-year risk of cardiovascular mortality (Heart SCORE) were collected. Retinal vascular network analysis was performed by means of Singapore “I” Vessel Assessment (SIVA) software. Principal component analysis was used to condense the information contained in the high number of variables provided and to identify independent retinal vascular patterns.
Overall, 1069 photographs (1069 participants) were reviewed with SIVA software. The mean age was 80.0 ± 3.8 years. We extracted three vascular patterns summarizing 41.3% of the vascular information. The most clinically relevant pattern, Sparse vascular network, accounted for 17.4% of the total variance. It corresponded to a lower density in the vascular network and higher variability in vessel width. Diabetic participants with hypoglycemic treatment had a sparser vascular network pattern than subjects without such treatment (Odds ratio, [OR], 1.68; 95% CI, 1.04-2.72; P = 0.04). Participants without history of cardiovascular disease who had a sparser vascular network were associated with a higher Heart SCORE (OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.08-2.25; P = 0.02).
Three vascular patterns were identified. The Sparse vascular network pattern was associated with being a higher risk profile for cardiovascular mortality risk at 10 years.