First Author: G.Fernandez-Sanz SPAIN
Co Author(s): D. Herrero-Escudero
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Open globe eye injuries are a major preventable global public health problem, a significant cause of visual morbidity and blindness worldwide and have a major socioeconomic impact. We analysed the visual outcome in patients with open globe eye injury following trauma at our hospital over a 5-year period.
Ophthalmology Department, Fundacion Jimenez Diaz University Hospital
This study reviewed 105 eyes of 105 patients with open globe eye injury who were presented to Fundacion Jimenez Diaz University Hospital and required emergency surgery during the 5 years from January 2011 to December 2015. Retrospective evaluation of the visual outcome was performed using data from the electronic medical records.
The mean age at the time of the injury was 46.3 years (±21.5 years). There were 84 males (80.0%) and 21 females (20.0%). Forty-nine patients had injury to the right eye (46.7%) and 56 had injury to the left eye (53.3%). Fifty nine patients had only affected the anterior segment (56.2%) and 46 had injury to both segments (43.8%). Forty five patients had an intraouclar foreign body (IOFB) (42.9%) and sixty hadn´t (57.1%). Initial best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.35 ± 0.38 and final BCVA was 0.61 ± 0.43.
The majority of patients with open globe eye injury were male. There was a clinically significant improvement in visual acuity. Female patients were older than male. There was no relation between final BCVA and the presence of an IOFB. There was a strong correlation (0.76) between Ocular Trauma Score and final BCVA.