First Author: K.Marques Cavalcante SPAIN
Co Author(s): M. Martinez Rubio
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To study the vitreomacular adhesion (VMA), detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and associated with AMD in the reference population General Hospital Universitary of Alicante.
Ophtalmology department, General Hospital Universitary of Alicante, Alicante (Spain)
Observational study of 322 cases and controls to study the VMA in patients with wet AMD (n = 86) compared with atrophic AMD patients (n = 109) and a control group (n = 127) during the period from March 2014 to March 2015.
No differences in prevalence of AVM between groups: control (14.9%), atrophic AMD (21%) and wet AMD (22.1%) p = 0.34. The prevalence of ERM as groups, is 13.2% in the eyes of the control group, 15.2% and 31.4% in eyes with atrophic and exudative AMD (p = 0.002). The total or partial PVD is present in 85.1%, 79% and 77.9% in groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively, without significant differences.
In our study the VMA not more prevalent in wet AMD compared to the other groups. The risk of developing an epiretinal membrane in patients with wet AMD was 2.5 times higher compared with atrophic AMD, and 3 times higher that the control group.